Have you ever heard of terpenes? While many people have been exposed to marijuana, hemp, and CBD, they’re not totally familiar with terpenes. The truth of the matter is that terpenes are with CBD, THC and the many other compounds found in the cannabis plant. Of course, there are many types of terpenes and they can be found in many types of essential oils. Below, you’re going to learn more about terpenes and their potential impacts on the body.
The Basic Definition
Now, you should take a look at the basic definition of a terpene. It is nothing more than a group of unsaturated hydrocarbons. Again, terpenes can be found in many places. While there are cannabis terpenes, the essential oils of certain plants will also contain terpenes. This is true for citrus and conifer trees. Of course, most people are talking about marijuana when they’re speaking about terpenes.
The Cannabis Plant’s Terpenes
As you should already know, the cannabis plant contains an abundance of unique chemicals and compounds. Roughly 140 of them are classified as terpenes. They are aromatic organic hydrocarbons. When speaking about marijuana, it is common for people to use the term terpenoids. While they’re used interchangeably, it is vital to understand that there are some differences here. Since terpenes are hydrocarbons, carbon and hydrogen are the only elements present.
Terpenoids happen after the flowers have been dried and curried. They’ve been altered by oxidation and they may have been chemically modified.
What Do They Do?
You probably already know a thing or two about some of the compounds found in marijuana. For instance, you’ve probably learned about CBD and THC. These compounds are commonly talked about and they serve unique purposes. Terpenes are a mystery to many, but they still play an important role in cannabis too. Terpenes are responsible for giving the cannabis plant its flavor and fragrance. The FDA agrees that terpenes are generally very safe.
It is also important to understand that the terpenes are going to have an impact on the user. More about that will be provided below.
How They Impact You
Now, you’ll want to learn exactly how the terpenes are going to impact you. It all happens at the receptors and neurotransmitters. The terpenes will interact with both. In some cases, they’ll behave like serotonin uptake inhibitors. In this sense, the terpenes promote the same activities as an antidepressant. It has been said they may be capable of increasing norepinephrine activity. This also makes them an herbal choice for people dealing with depression. The terpenes can also enhance dopamine activity and they’ll augment GABA. Just remember that further research is needed to solidify these claims.
Marijuana Strains And Terpenes
Finally, you should know that the concentrations of certain terpenes found in marijuana can vary from one strain to another. This makes it possible for you to identify a specific strain by its smell. You can also use the aroma to determine how the strain may impact you. For instance, it is believed that musk and clove smells mean that the strain will be relaxing and sedative. Strains that smell of lemons can offer a real boost in mood.